Hello everyone my name is William Stanley and I'll tell you all about a character of united states of named Harry S. Truman . Harry S. Truman born in May 8 1884 , Died in December 26 1972 was an American politician who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–53). He served as a United States Senator from Missouri (1935–45) and briefly as Vice President (1945) before he succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945 upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was president during the final months of World War II, and approved the plan to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Truman was elected in his own right in 1948. He presided over an uncertain domestic scene as America sought its path after the war and tensions with the Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold War.
Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, and spent most of his youth on his family's 600-acre farm near Independence. In the last months of World War I, he served in combat in France as an artillery officer with his National Guard unit. After the war, he briefly owned a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri, and joined the Democratic Party and the political machine of Tom Pendergast. Truman was first elected to public office as a county official in 1922, and then as a U.S. Senator in 1934. He gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee, formed in March 1941, which exposed waste, fraud, and corruption in Federal Government wartime contracts.
Germany surrendered on Truman's birthday, just a few weeks after he assumed the presidency, but the war with Imperial Japan
raged on and was expected to last at least another year. Truman
approved the use of atomic weaponry to end the fighting and to spare the
tens of thousands of American lives that would inevitably be lost in
the planned invasion of Japan and Japanese held islands in the Pacific. Although this decision remains debated to this day, it is one of the principal factors that forced Japan's immediate and unconditional surrender.
Truman's presidency was a turning point in foreign affairs, as the United States engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. Truman helped found the United Nation in 1945, issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 to contain Communism, and got the $13 billion Marshall Plan
enacted to rebuild Western Europe. The Soviet Union, a wartime ally,
became a peacetime enemy in the Cold War. Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift of 1948 and the creation of NATO in 1949. He was unable to stop Communists from taking over China. When communist North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he sent U.S. troops and gained UN approval for the Korean War.
After initial successes in Korea, however, the UN forces were thrown
back by Chinese intervention, and the conflict was stalemated throughout
the final years of Truman's presidency.
On domestic issues, bills endorsed by Truman often faced opposition from a conservative Congress
dominated by the Southern legislators, but his administration was able
to successfully guide the American economy through the post-war economic
challenges. Truman maintained that civil rights were a moral priority,
and in 1948 submitted the first comprehensive civil rights legislation
and issued Executive Orders
to start racial integration in the military and federal agencies.
Allegations were raised of corruption in the Truman administration,
linked to certain cabinet members and senior White House staff, and this became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election and may have contributed to Adlai Stevenson's (Truman's successor as Democratic nominee) loss to Republican nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower. Popular and scholarly assessments of Truman's presidency initially were unfavorable but became more positive over time following his retirement from politics. Truman's 1948 election upset to win a full term as president has often been invoked by later 'underdog' presidential candidates.
So that my story of mr Harry S. Truman and thanks for your attention.